During the last decade, the largest population growth in Australia has been heavily concentrated in the outer suburbs of Melbourne. The Urban Growth Zone (UGZ) was introduced to bring forward enough land for 90,000 new residential blocks. Under the UGZ, a range of surrounding areas were integrated into Melbourne’s 'growth areas', including the municipalities and parts of Casey, Cardinia, Hume, Melton, Mitchell, Whittlesea and Wyndham.
Community building is defined as the processes, programs, events, services, networks and activities that support individuals and families to meet their social and personal needs in a particular place through personal growth, social interaction, social services support and community development.
Social planning is the process of identifying needs, setting priorities, formulating equitable solutions and undertaking collaborative action for community building.
Metropolitan Planning Authority
The Metropolitan Planning Authority (formerly the Growth Areas Authority) is a Victorian State Government authority and was established in 2006 to facilitate the coordinated planning and development of Melbourne's growth areas.
Precinct Structure Plans
Precinct structure plans (PSPs) are masterplans for whole communities. They lay out roads, shopping centres, schools, parks, housing, employment and transport connections. PSPs can be prepared by council, landowners or other agencies as directed by the Minister for Planning. The Metropolitan Planning Authority is the statutory authority for overseeing the preparation of PSPs in Melbourne's growth areas.
Development Contribution Plans
A significant proportion of infrastructure for a new community is funded through the Development Contributions Scheme. Development contributions are payments or in-kind works, facilities or services provided by developers towards the supply of infrastructure required to meet the needs of a particular community.
Development Contributions Plans (DCPs) are generally prepared by the Metropolitan Planning Authority (MPA) in consultation with councils and developers. Infrastructure funded through development contributions generally includes roads, public transport, open space and community facilities. A Development Contributions Plan sits alongside each precinct structure plan.
Items that are not included in a DCP are funded either directly by councils, state government departments (for example, DEECD funds schools) and other providers.