Informing the land use planning process
The planners working on the precinct structure plan (PSP) will require your input about physical responses to community needs, particularly facilities. By this stage you should have the following information:
- data from internal and external stakeholders about the likely demand for facilities
- preferred models for delivery, for example, kindergartens can be provided as either two-room or three-room facilities
- benchmark calculations to determine the range of facilities that should typically be provided for the population size.
- which facilities are free to accommodate the required community building responses.
Next, you will need to work with your internal coordination group, the planners and urban designers to determine the required size, configuration and location of facilities:
- Determine the size of facilities. The information sources that can help you are provided in the useful links and documents.
- Confirm facility needs with external stakeholders, (such as education providers).
- Run a workshop with your internal coordination group, planners and urban designers to determine:
- how facilities can be co-located and/or integrated
- the best locations for facilities
- how community building responses can be accommodated before facilities are constructed (for example, maternal and child health in untenanted shop fronts).
A number of resources provide information about how to configure and locate community facilities:
- Planning for Community Infrastructure in Growth Areas (PDF, 7.52MB) gives examples of configurations for facilities at various scales in growth area communities
- Council strategies often detail the preferred local configuration models for community infrastructure
- Victorian State Government has published Schools as Community Facilities (PDF, 2.26MB), Shared Facilities Partnerships (PDF, 2.09MB) and A Guide to Developing Community Precincts
- Any feasibility studies and masterplans that council has previously undertaken
- Any precinct structure planning that was completed for other areas.
Community facilities are partly funded through development contributions plans which are attached to precinct structure plans. You will need to work with the planners to:
- identify the cost of each facility
- determine the demand that will be generated directly by residents of the new growth area
- determine other likely funding partners.
Detailed planning for community facilities begins when the precinct structure plan is approved. You will then need to determine the following for each facility:
- a vision statement and objectives
- the service delivery model and governance structure
- staging of development, if required
- a detailed design
- costs to develop and operate the facility
- the financial contribution of stakeholders for capital and ongoing operating costs.
The state government's A Guide to Delivering Community Precincts (PDF, 1.72MB) and A Guide to Governing Shared Community Facilities (PDF, 1.43MB) can help with this process.